The term “Odisha” is derived from the ancient Prakrit word “Odda Visaya” (also “Udra Bibhasha” or “Odra Bibhasha”).
Orissa or Odisha was the ancient kingdom of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka, coincides with the borders of modern-day Odisha. The modern state of Orissa was established on 1 April 1936, as a province in British India, and consisted predominantly of Odia-speaking regions. The region is also known as Utkala and is mentioned in India’s national anthem, “Jana Gana Mana”.
Due to the climate and good rainfall, Odisha’s evergreen and moist forests are suitable habitats for wild orchids. Around 130 species have been reported from the state. 97 of them are found in Mayurbhanj district alone. The Orchid House of Nandakanan Biological Park hosts some of these species.
Main places of attraction are Bhubaneswar, Puri, Jagannath Temple, Vishnu’s wheel, Konark, Konark Sun Temple, Pipili, Dhauli, Lingaraj temple, Udaygiri & Khandagiri.